Species of Plants Seen at Unexpected Wildlife Refuge

All the plants listed have been identified at the Refuge. The list is current as of 2019-04-23.


  1. Amber jelly roll fungus (Exidia recisa)
  2. Amberique-bean (Strophostyles helvola)
  3. American bur-reed (Sparganium americanum)
  4. American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)
  5. American pokeweed (Phytolacca americana)
  6. American white waterlily (Nymphaea odorata)
  7. American wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
  8. Apple tree (Malus pumila)
  9. Asiatic dayflower (Commelina communis)
  10. Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)
  11. Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)
  12. Bastard toadflax (Comandra umbellata)
  13. Bentgrass (Agrostis)
  14. Big-tooth aspen (Populus grandidentata)
  15. Black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
  16. Blackjack oak (Quercus marilandica)
  17. Bleeding heart (Lamprocapnos spectabilis)
  18. Blue toadflax (Nuttallanthus canadensis)
  19. Blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium)
  20. Blunt mannagrass (Glyceria obtusa)
  21. Blusher mushroom (Amanita rubescens)
  22. Bog yelloweyed grass (Xyris difformis)
  23. Bog-fern (Thelypteris simulata)
  24. Bracken (Pteridium aquilinum)
  25. Brown-eyed rim lichen (Lecanora allophana)
  26. Brown-fruited rush (Juncus pelocarpus)
  27. Brownish beaksedge (Rhynchospora capitellata)
  28. Bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)
  29. Bushy beardgrass (Andropogon glomeratus)
  30. Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
  31. Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
  32. Canada bluegrass (Poa compressa)
  33. Canadian St. Johns-wort (Hypericum canadense)
  34. Capitate spikerush (Eleocharis olivacea)
  35. Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
  36. Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense)
  37. Cat greenbriar (Smilax glauca)
  38. Catalpa (Catalpa)
  39. Catsear (Hypochaeris radicata)
  40. Cattail (Typha)
  41. Chickweed (Stellaria media)
  42. Chinese bushclover (Lespedeza cuneata)
  43. Cinnabar red chanterelle mushroom (Cantharellus cinnabarinus)
  44. Cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)
  45. Clasping water-horehound (Lycopus amplectens)
  46. Clearweed (Pilea pumila)
  47. Climbing false buckwheat (Fallopia scandens)
  48. Coastal sweetpepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)
  49. Collins' sedge (Carex collinsii)
  50. Common blue violet (Viola sororia)
  51. Common club moss (Lycopodium clavatum)
  52. Common greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)
  53. Common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
  54. Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)
  55. Common pyxie-moss (Pyxidanthera barbulata)
  56. Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)
  57. Common reed (Phragmites australis)
  58. Common self-heal (Prunella vulgaris)
  59. Common yellow woodsorrel (Oxalis stricta)
  60. Conocybe mushroom (Conocybe)
  61. Cranesbill (Geranium)
  62. Crown-tipped coral fungus (Artomyces pyxidatus)
  63. Crowned beggarticks (Bidens coronata)
  64. Dangleberry (Gaylussacia frondosa)
  65. Deertongue (Dichanthelium clandestinum)
  66. Dodder (Cuscuta)
  67. Downy rattlesnake plantain (Goodyera pubescens)
  68. Dwarf cinquefoil (Potentilla canadensis)
  69. Dwarf dandelion (Krigia virginica)
  70. Dwarf hawthorn (Crataegus uniflora)
  71. Dwarf St. John's wort (Hypericum mutilum)
  72. Eastern black oak (Quercus velutina)
  73. Emetic russula mushroom (Russula emetica)
  74. Engelmann's arrowhead (Sagittaria engelmanniana)
  75. English ivy (Hedera helix)
  76. False nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)
  77. Fern
  78. Fetterbush (Eubotrys racemosa)
  79. Floating pondweed (Potamogeton natans)
  80. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)
  81. Foliose lichen
  82. Forked bluecurls (Trichostema dichotomum)
  83. Frostweed (Helianthemum canadense)
  84. Goat's rue (Tephrosia virginiana)
  85. Golden chanterelle fungus (Craterellus lutescens)
  86. Goldenrod (Solidago)
  87. Grape fern (Sceptridium dissectum)
  88. Grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)
  89. Gray birch (Betula populifolia)
  90. Great lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)
  91. Great mullein (Verbascum thapsus)
  92. Green arrow arum (Peltandra virginica)
  93. Green wood orchid (Platanthera clavellata)
  94. Hairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta)
  95. Halberd-leaved tearthumb (Tracaulon arifolium)
  96. Hickory (Carya)
  97. Hillside blueberry (Vaccinium pallidum)
  98. Holly (Ilex)
  99. Honey fungus (mushroom) (Armillaria mellea)
  100. Horn of plenty mushroom (Craterellus cornucopioides)
  101. Horseweed (Erigeron canadensis)
  102. Indian goosegrass (Eleusine indica)
  103. Indian pipe (Monotropa uniflora)
  104. Indian tobacco (Lobelia inflata)
  105. Inkberry (Ilex glabra)
  106. Ivy-leaved morning glory (Ipomoea hederacea)
  107. Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)
  108. Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)
  109. Japanese clover (Kummerowia striata)
  110. Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)
  111. Japanese silverberry (Elaeagnus umbellata)
  112. Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum)
  113. Juniper (Juniperus)
  114. Lake loosestrife (Lysimachia terrestris)
  115. Lance-leaved violet (Viola lanceolata)
  116. Late purple aster (Symphyotrichum patens)
  117. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata)
  118. Lingzhi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum)
  119. Lion's mane mushroom (Hericium erinaceus)
  120. Little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)
  121. Maleberry (Lyonia ligustrina)
  122. Marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)
  123. Marsh lady's tresses (Spiranthes odorata)
  124. Maryland golden-aster (Chrysopsis mariana)
  125. Mexican-tea (Dysphania ambrosioides)
  126. Moccasin flower (Cypripedium acaule)
  127. Mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa)
  128. Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
  129. Mullein (Verbascum)
  130. Multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)
  131. Narrow-leaved sundrops (Oenothera fruticosa)
  132. Narrowleaf cow wheat (Melampyrum lineare)
  133. Netted chain fern (Woodwardia areolata)
  134. New Jersey blueberry (Vaccinium caesariense)
  135. New York aster (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii)
  136. Nimblewill (Muhlenbergia schreberi)
  137. Northern bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
  138. Northern bog violet (Viola nephrophylla)
  139. Northern highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
  140. Northern long sedge (Carex folliculata)
  141. Northern white-cedar (Thuja occidentalis)
  142. Old man of the woods fungus (Strobilomyces strobilaceus)
  143. Orange milkwort (Polygala lutea)
  144. Orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata)
  145. Ox-eye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)
  146. Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus)
  147. Partridge berry (Mitchella repens)
  148. Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
  149. Phellinus fungus (Phellinus)
  150. Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)
  151. Pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
  152. Pine (Pinus)
  153. Pinesap (Monotropa hypopitys)
  154. Pipsissewa (Chimaphila umbellata)
  155. Pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
  156. Plantain leaf pussytoes (Antennaria plantaginifolia)
  157. Poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
  158. Poplar (Populus)
  159. Post oak (Quercus stellata)
  160. Poverty oatgrass (Danthonia spicata)
  161. Puffball fungus
  162. Purple lovegrass (Eragrostis spectabilis)
  163. Purplestem beggarticks (Bidens connata)
  164. Purpletop tridens (Tridens flavus)
  165. Rare clubmoss (Lycopodium obscurum)
  166. Red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
  167. Red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia)
  168. Red maple (Acer rubrum)
  169. Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)
  170. Reindeer lichen (Cladonia rangiferina)
  171. Rice cutgrass (Leersia oryzoides)
  172. Rough boneset (Eupatorium pilosum)
  173. Rough buttonweed (Diodella teres)
  174. Rough-stemmed goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
  175. Rounded earthstar mushroom (Geastrum saccatum)
  176. Royal fern (Osmunda regalis)
  177. Sand hickory (Carya pallida)
  178. Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
  179. Scarlet honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens)
  180. Scrub oak (Quercus ilicifolia)
  181. Sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)
  182. Sessile bellwort (Uvularia sessilifolia)
  183. Sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia)
  184. Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata)
  185. Silver berry (Elaeagnus angustifolia)
  186. Skunk cabbage (Lysichiton americanus)
  187. Slender aster (Eurybia compacta)
  188. Slender rush (Juncus tenuis)
  189. Slender spikegrass (Chasmanthium laxum)
  190. Slender-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia tenuifolia)
  191. Small crabgrass (Digitaria ischaemum)
  192. Smooth alder (Alnus serrulata)
  193. Smooth sawgrass (Cladium mariscoides)
  194. Smooth winterberry (Ilex laevigata)
  195. Soft rush (Juncus effusus)
  196. Sour gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
  197. Southern red oak (Quercus falcata)
  198. Southern twayblade orchid (Neottia bifolia)
  199. Spatulate leaved sundew (Drosera intermedia)
  200. Spindle-shaped yellow coral fungus (Clavulinopsis fusiformis)
  201. Spinulose woodfern (Dryopteris carthusiana)
  202. Spotted beebalm (Monarda punctata)
  203. Spotted wintergreen (Chimaphila maculata)
  204. Spruce (Picea)
  205. St. Andrew's cross (Hypericum hypericoides)
  206. Staggerbush (Lyonia mariana)
  207. Steeplebush (Spiraea tomentosa)
  208. Striped bladderwort (Utricularia striata)
  209. Sulphur shelf fungus (Laetiporus sulphureus)
  210. Swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
  211. Swamp dewberry (Rubus hispidus)
  212. Swamp honeysuckle (Lonicera oblongifolia)
  213. Swamp loosestrife (Decodon verticillatus)
  214. Swamp rose (Rosa palustris)
  215. Swamp smartweed (Persicaria hydropiperoides)
  216. Sweet everlasting (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium)
  217. Sweet goldenrod (Solidago odora)
  218. Sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua)
  219. Sweet vernal grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum)
  220. Sweet violet (Viola odorata)
  221. Sweet white violet (Viola blanda)
  222. Sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana)
  223. Sweetfern (Comptonia peregrina)
  224. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)
  225. Tall beaksedge (Rhynchospora macrostachya)
  226. Three-seeded mercury (Acalypha rhomboidea)
  227. Threeway sedge (Dulichium arundinaceum)
  228. Tiger lily (Lilium lancifolium)
  229. Timothy-grass (Phleum pratense)
  230. Toothed white-topped-aster (Sericocarpus asteroides)
  231. Trailing arbutus (Epigaea repens)
  232. Trumpet vine (Campsis radicans)
  233. Tufted knotweed (Polygonum cespitosum)
  234. Turk's cap lily (Lilium superbum)
  235. Turkey tail fungus (Trametes versicolor)
  236. Tussock sedge (Carex stricta)
  237. Unicorn root (Aletris farinosa)
  238. Velvet panicum (Dichanthelium scoparium)
  239. Violet coral mushroom (Clavaria zollingeri)
  240. Virginia chain fern (Woodwardia virginica)
  241. Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
  242. Virginia marsh-St. John's-wort (Triadenum virginicum)
  243. Virginia meadow-beauty (Rhexia virginica)
  244. Virginia threeseed mercury (Acalypha virginica)
  245. Virginia water horehound (Lycopus virginicus)
  246. Virginia willow (Itea virginica)
  247. Viscid violet cort (Cortinarius iodes)
  248. Walter's sedge (Carex striata)
  249. Warty panicgrass (Panicum verrucosum)
  250. Water purslane (Ludwigia palustris)
  251. Water-shield (Brasenia schreberi)
  252. White beak-sedge (Rhynchospora alba)
  253. White campion (Silene latifolia)
  254. White clover (Trifolium repens)
  255. White coral slime mold (Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa)
  256. White fringed orchid (Platanthera blephariglottis)
  257. White mulberry (Morus alba)
  258. White oak tree (Quercus alba)
  259. White thoroughwort (Eupatorium album)
  260. White-pored chicken of the woods (Laetiporus cincinnatus)
  261. Wild black cherry (Prunus serotina)
  262. Wild daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus)
  263. Wild grape (Vitis)
  264. Wild iris (Iris)
  265. Wild lupine (Lupinus perennis)
  266. Wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
  267. Wild sensitive plant (Chamaecrista nictitans)
  268. Wild yam (Dioscorea villosa)
  269. Willow (Salix)
  270. Willow oak (Quercus phellos)
  271. Winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)
  272. Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
  273. Wintergreen (Pyrola)
  274. Wood ear fungus (Auricularia auricula-judae)
  275. Woolgrass (Scirpus cyperinus)
  276. Yellow fringed orchid (Platanthera ciliaris)
  277. Yellow water-lily (Nuphar lutea)
  278. Yellowseed false pimpernel (Lindernia dubia)