Species of Plants Seen at Unexpected Wildlife Refuge

All the plants listed have been identified at the Refuge. The list is current as of 2019-02-23.


  1. Amber jelly roll fungus (Exidia recisa)
  2. American bur-reed (Sparganium americanum)
  3. American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)
  4. American pokeweed (Phytolacca americana)
  5. American white waterlily (Nymphaea odorata)
  6. American wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
  7. Asiatic dayflower (Commelina communis)
  8. Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)
  9. Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)
  10. Bentgrass (Agrostis)
  11. Black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
  12. Blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium)
  13. Blueberry (Vaccinium)
  14. Blunt mannagrass (Glyceria obtusa)
  15. Blusher mushroom (Amanita rubescens)
  16. Bog yelloweyed grass (Xyris difformis)
  17. Brown-eyed rim lichen (Lecanora allophana)
  18. Brown-fruited rush (Juncus pelocarpus)
  19. Brownish beaksedge (Rhynchospora capitellata)
  20. Bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)
  21. Bushy beardgrass (Andropogon glomeratus)
  22. Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
  23. Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
  24. Canadian St. Johns-wort (Hypericum canadense)
  25. Capitate spikerush (Eleocharis olivacea)
  26. Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
  27. Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense)
  28. Catsear (Hypochaeris radicata)
  29. Cattail (Typha)
  30. Chinese bushclover (Lespedeza cuneata)
  31. Cinnabar red chanterelle mushroom (Cantharellus cinnabarinus)
  32. Clasping water-horehound (Lycopus amplectens)
  33. Clearweed (Pilea pumila)
  34. Coastal sweetpepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)
  35. Collins' sedge (Carex collinsii)
  36. Common blue violet (Viola sororia)
  37. Common club moss (Lycopodium clavatum)
  38. Common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
  39. Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)
  40. Common pyxie-moss (Pyxidanthera barbulata)
  41. Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)
  42. Common self-heal (Prunella vulgaris)
  43. Common yellow woodsorrel (Oxalis stricta)
  44. Conocybe mushroom (Conocybe)
  45. Crown-tipped coral fungus (Artomyces pyxidatus)
  46. Crowned beggarticks (Bidens coronata)
  47. Dangleberry (Gaylussacia frondosa)
  48. Deertongue (Dichanthelium clandestinum)
  49. Downy rattlesnake plantain (Goodyera pubescens)
  50. Dwarf cinquefoil (Potentilla canadensis)
  51. Dwarf St. John's wort (Hypericum mutilum)
  52. Emetic russula mushroom (Russula emetica)
  53. Engelmann's arrowhead (Sagittaria engelmanniana)
  54. English ivy (Hedera helix)
  55. False nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)
  56. Fern
  57. Fetterbush (Eubotrys racemosa)
  58. Floating pondweed (Potamogeton natans)
  59. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)
  60. Foliose lichen
  61. Forked bluecurls (Trichostema dichotomum)
  62. Frostweed (Helianthemum canadense)
  63. Goat's rue (Tephrosia virginiana)
  64. Golden chanterelle fungus (Craterellus lutescens)
  65. Goldenrod (Solidago)
  66. Grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)
  67. Gray birch (Betula populifolia)
  68. Great lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)
  69. Green wood orchid (Platanthera clavellata)
  70. Halberd-leaved tearthumb (Tracaulon arifolium)
  71. Hickory (Carya)
  72. Holly (Ilex)
  73. Honey fungus (mushroom) (Armillaria mellea)
  74. Horn of plenty mushroom (Craterellus cornucopioides)
  75. Horseweed (Erigeron canadensis)
  76. Indian goosegrass (Eleusine indica)
  77. Indian pipe (Monotropa uniflora)
  78. Indian tobacco (Lobelia inflata)
  79. Inkberry (Ilex glabra)
  80. Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)
  81. Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)
  82. Japanese clover (Kummerowia striata)
  83. Japanese silverberry (Elaeagnus umbellata)
  84. Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum)
  85. Juniper (Juniperus)
  86. Lance-leaved violet (Viola lanceolata)
  87. Late purple aster (Symphyotrichum patens)
  88. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata)
  89. Lingzhi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum)
  90. Lion's mane mushroom (Hericium erinaceus)
  91. Little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)
  92. Marsh lady's tresses (Spiranthes odorata)
  93. Maryland golden-aster (Chrysopsis mariana)
  94. Mexican-tea (Dysphania ambrosioides)
  95. Moccasin flower (Cypripedium acaule)
  96. Mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa)
  97. Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
  98. Mullein (Verbascum)
  99. Narrow-leaved sundrops (Oenothera fruticosa)
  100. New York aster (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii)
  101. Nimblewill (Muhlenbergia schreberi)
  102. Northern bog violet (Viola nephrophylla)
  103. Northern long sedge (Carex folliculata)
  104. Northern white-cedar (Thuja occidentalis)
  105. Old man of the woods fungus (Strobilomyces strobilaceus)
  106. Orange milkwort (Polygala lutea)
  107. Orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata)
  108. Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus)
  109. Partridge berry (Mitchella repens)
  110. Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
  111. Phellinus fungus (Phellinus)
  112. Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)
  113. Pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
  114. Pine (Pinus)
  115. Pinesap (Monotropa hypopitys)
  116. Pipsissewa (Chimaphila umbellata)
  117. Poplar (Populus)
  118. Puffball fungus
  119. Purple lovegrass (Eragrostis spectabilis)
  120. Purplestem beggarticks (Bidens connata)
  121. Purpletop tridens (Tridens flavus)
  122. Red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
  123. Red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia)
  124. Red maple (Acer rubrum)
  125. Reindeer lichen (Cladonia rangiferina)
  126. Rice cutgrass (Leersia oryzoides)
  127. Rough boneset (Eupatorium pilosum)
  128. Rough buttonweed (Diodella teres)
  129. Rough-stemmed goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
  130. Rounded earthstar mushroom (Geastrum saccatum)
  131. Sand hickory (Carya pallida)
  132. Sassafras (Sassafras)
  133. Scarlet honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens)
  134. Sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia)
  135. Silver berry (Elaeagnus angustifolia)
  136. Skunk cabbage (Lysichiton americanus)
  137. Slender aster (Eurybia compacta)
  138. Slender rush (Juncus tenuis)
  139. Slender spikegrass (Chasmanthium laxum)
  140. Slender-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia tenuifolia)
  141. Small crabgrass (Digitaria ischaemum)
  142. Smooth alder (Alnus serrulata)
  143. Smooth sawgrass (Cladium mariscoides)
  144. Smooth winterberry (Ilex laevigata)
  145. Soft rush (Juncus effusus)
  146. Sour gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
  147. Southern twayblade orchid (Neottia bifolia)
  148. Spatulate leaved sundew (Drosera intermedia)
  149. Spindle-shaped yellow coral fungus (Clavulinopsis fusiformis)
  150. Spotted beebalm (Monarda punctata)
  151. Spotted wintergreen (Chimaphila maculata)
  152. Spruce (Picea)
  153. St. Andrew's cross (Hypericum hypericoides)
  154. Steeplebush (Spiraea tomentosa)
  155. Striped bladderwort (Utricularia striata)
  156. Sulphur shelf fungus (Laetiporus sulphureus)
  157. Swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
  158. Swamp honeysuckle (Lonicera oblongifolia)
  159. Swamp loosestrife (Decodon verticillatus)
  160. Swamp smartweed (Persicaria hydropiperoides)
  161. Sweet everlasting (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium)
  162. Sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua)
  163. Sweet violet (Viola odorata)
  164. Sweet white violet (Viola blanda)
  165. Sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana)
  166. Sweetfern (Comptonia peregrina)
  167. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)
  168. Tall beaksedge (Rhynchospora macrostachya)
  169. Three-seeded mercury (Acalypha rhomboidea)
  170. Threeway sedge (Dulichium arundinaceum)
  171. Tiger lily (Lilium lancifolium)
  172. Timothy-grass (Phleum pratense)
  173. Toothed white-topped-aster (Sericocarpus asteroides)
  174. Trailing arbutus (Epigaea repens)
  175. Tufted knotweed (Polygonum cespitosum)
  176. Turkey tail fungus (Trametes versicolor)
  177. Tussock sedge (Carex stricta)
  178. Velvet panicum (Dichanthelium scoparium)
  179. Violet coral mushroom (Clavaria zollingeri)
  180. Virginia marsh-St. John's-wort (Triadenum virginicum)
  181. Virginia meadow-beauty (Rhexia virginica)
  182. Virginia threeseed mercury (Acalypha virginica)
  183. Virginia water horehound (Lycopus virginicus)
  184. Viscid violet cort (Cortinarius iodes)
  185. Walter's sedge (Carex striata)
  186. Warty panicgrass (Panicum verrucosum)
  187. Water purslane (Ludwigia palustris)
  188. Water-shield (Brasenia schreberi)
  189. White beak-sedge (Rhynchospora alba)
  190. White campion (Silene latifolia)
  191. White clover (Trifolium repens)
  192. White coral slime mold (Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa)
  193. White fringed orchid (Platanthera blephariglottis)
  194. White oak tree (Quercus alba)
  195. White thoroughwort (Eupatorium album)
  196. White-pored chicken of the woods (Laetiporus cincinnatus)
  197. Wild black cherry (Prunus serotina)
  198. Wild grape (Vitis)
  199. Wild iris (Iris)
  200. Wild lupine (Lupinus perennis)
  201. Wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
  202. Wild sensitive plant (Chamaecrista nictitans)
  203. Willow (Salix)
  204. Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
  205. Wintergreen (Pyrola)
  206. Wood ear fungus (Auricularia auricula-judae)
  207. Woolgrass (Scirpus cyperinus)
  208. Yellow fringed orchid (Platanthera ciliaris)
  209. Yellowseed false pimpernel (Lindernia dubia)