Beavers at the Refuge, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
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Wild turkeys, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge trail camera photo
2/ 10
Turtles sharing stump in main pond, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
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Violet cort mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
4/ 10
Vireo nest, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
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Female yellow-rumped warbler, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
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Turkey-tail fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
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Baby striped skunk, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
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Spicebush swallowtail butterfly, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
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Main pond, photo by Mary Ann Gurka
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Main pond, frozen, covered in snow and paw prints, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo

Unexpected Wildlife Refuge is a protected natural habitat comprising 767 acres of pristine pine lands, forest, fields and bogs. It provides a refuge to animals and plants indigenous to southern New Jersey; a place where wildlife can live freely and naturally without fear of being harmed at the hands of human beings. We began as the home of Hope Sawyer Buyukmihci and Cavit Buyukmihci, who dedicated their land to habitat preservation so that native wildlife and habitat could thrive. We are a not-for-profit 501(c)(3) entity, federal ID 23-7025010.
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Species of Plants Living at the Refuge*

All the plants listed have been identified at the Refuge*. Photographs are of those as seen at various locations in our habitat. This is an ongoing project and this page will be updated as new sightings or photographs become available.

Where relevant, we have provided other names used for the same species of plant for ease of identification.

In some cases, where we cannot identify a particular species, we have used the names commonly used. If you recognize a species in these cases, and can provide proof, we will revise the name and references accordingly.


Alder (Alnus)


Amber jelly roll fungus (Exidia recisa)

willow brain

Amber jelly roll fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Amber jelly roll
Amber jelly roll fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Amber jelly roll
Amber jelly roll fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Amber jelly roll

American pokeweed (Phytolacca americana)

poke salad, pokeweed


American white waterlily (Nymphaea odorata)

beaver root, fragrant water-lily, fragrant white water lily, sweet-scented water lily, sweet-scented white water lily, white water lily

American white water lily, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
American white water lily
American white water lily, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
American white water lily
American white water lily, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
American white water lily
American white water lily, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
American white water lily
American white water lily, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
American white water lily

American wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)

boxberry, checkerberry, eastern teaberry

American wintergreen, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
American wintergreen

Asiatic dayflower (Commelina communis)

tsuyukusa, yazhicao


Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

garden asparagus, sparrow grass


Barberry (Berberis)

Barberry, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Barberry
Barberry, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Barberry
Barberry, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Barberry

Bentgrass (Agrostis)

bent


Blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium)


Blueberry (Vaccinium)

Blueberry bush, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Blueberry bush

Blusher mushroom (Amanita rubescens)

Blusher mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Blusher mushroom
Blusher mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Blusher, 1st day
Blusher mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Blusher, 2nd day

Bog yelloweyed grass (Xyris difformis)


Brown-eyed rim lichen (Lecanora allophana)

Brown-eyed rim lichen (possibly), Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Brown-eyed rim lichen
possibly

Bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

common thistle, spear thistle


American bur-reed (Sparganium americanum)

American bur-reed, photo by Sage Russell
American bur-reed
Sage Russell

Bushy beardgrass (Andropogon glomeratus)

bushy bluestem


Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)


Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)

button-willow, common buttonbush, honey-bells

Buttonbush, photo by Sage Russell
Buttonbush
Sage Russell

Canadian St. Johns-wort (Hypericum canadense)

lesser Canadian St. Johnswort, lesser St. John's wort


Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis)


Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense)

horse nettle, horse-nettle


Catsear (Hypochaeris radicata)

cat's-ear, false dandelion, flatweed, hairy cat's ear, Hypochoeris radicata


Cattail (Typha)

corn dog grass, punks, reed, water sausage

Cattail, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Cattail
Cattail, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Cattail
Cattail, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Cattail

Chinese bushclover (Lespedeza cuneata)

sericea, sericea lespedeza


Cinnabar red chanterelle mushroom (Cantharellus cinnabarinus)

Cinnabar red chanterelle mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Cinnabar red chanterelle
Cinnabar red chanterelle mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Cinnabar red chanterelle

Clasping water-horehound (Lycopus amplectens)

clasping-leaved water horehound, sessileleaf bugleweed


Clearweed (Pilea pumila)


Common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common meadow violet, hooded violet, purple violet, the lesbian flower, wood violet, woolly blue violet


Common club moss (Lycopodium clavatum)

ground pine, running clubmoss, stag's-horn clubmoss


Common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

American hackberry, beaverwood, nettletree, northern hackberry, sugarberry


Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

butterfly flower, silkweed, silky swallow-wort, Virginia silkweed


Common pyxie-moss


Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

annual ragweed, low ragweed


Common self-heal (Prunella vulgaris)

blue curls, brownwort, carpenter's herb, heal-all, heart-of-the-earth, woundwort


Common yellow woodsorrel (Oxalis stricta)

common yellow oxalis, lemon clover, pickle plant, sourgrass, upright yellow-sorrel, yellow woodsorrel


Conocybe mushroom (Conocybe)

Conocybe mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Conocybe

Crowned beggarticks (Bidens coronata)

tickseed sunflower


Crown-tipped coral fungus (Artomyces pyxidatus)

crown coral

Crown-tipped coral fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Crown-tipped coral
Crown-tipped coral fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Crown-tipped coral

Dangleberry (Gaylussacia frondosa)

blue huckleberry


Downy rattlesnake plantain (Goodyera pubescens)


Dwarf cinquefoil (Potentilla canadensis)


Dwarf St. John's wort (Hypericum mutilum)


Emetic russula mushroom (Russula emetica)

the sickener, vomiting russula

Emetic russula mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Emetic russula

Engelmann's arrowhead (Sagittaria engelmanniana)

acid-water arrowhead


English ivy (Hedera helix)

common ivy, European ivy, ivy

considered an 'invasive' species

English ivy, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
English ivy

False nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)

bog hemp


Fern

Fern shoots, photo by Dave Sauder
Fern shoots
Dave Sauder

Floating pondweed (Potamogeton natans)

broad-leaved pondweed, floating-leaf pondweed


Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)

Flowering dogwood, photo by Mike McCormick
Flowering dogwood
Mike McCormick
Gray catbird in dogwood tree, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Gray catbird and dogwood
Robin in dogwood tree, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Robin and dogwood

Foliose lichen

Foliose lichen, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Foliose lichen

Forked bluecurls (Trichostema dichotomum)


Frostweed (Helianthemum canadense)

frostplant, frostwort, longbranch frostweed, rock frost


Goat's rue (Tephrosia virginiana)

catgut, goat-rue, rabbit pea, Virginia tephrosia


Golden chanterelle fungus (Craterellus lutescens)

Cantharellus aurora, Cantharellus lutescens, Cantharellus xanthopus

yellow foot

Golden chanterelle, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Golden chanterelle

Goldenrod (Solidago)

Goldenrod, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Goldenrod

Grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)

flat-top goldentop


Great lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

great blue lobelia


Green wood orchid (Platanthera clavellata)

club spur orchid, fringed orchid, green rein orchid, green wood orchid, orchid


Halberd-leaved tearthumb (Tracaulon arifolium)

Polygonum arifolium


Hickory (Carya)


Holly (Ilex)


Honey fungus (mushroom) (Armillaria mellea)

Honey fungus (mushroom), Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Honey fungus

Horn of plenty mushroom (Craterellus cornucopioides)

black chanterelle, black trumpet, trumpet of the dead

Horn of plenty mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Horn of plenty
Horn of plenty mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Horn of plenty

Horseweed (Erigeron canadensis)

butterweed, Canadian fleabane, Canadian horseweed, coltstail, Conyza canadensis, marestail


Indian pipe (Monotropa uniflora)

corpse plant, ghost pipe, ghost plant

Indian pipe, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Indian pipe
Indian pipe, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Indian pipe
Indian pipe, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Indian pipe anther

Indian tobacco (Lobelia inflata)

puke weed


Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

American wake robin, bog onion, brown dragon, Indian turnip, wild turnip


Japanese clover (Kummerowia striata)

Lespedeza striata


Juniper (Juniperus)


Lance-leaved violet (Viola lanceolata)

bog white violet


Late purple aster (Symphyotrichum patens)

spreading aster


Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata)

cassandra


Lingzhi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum)

reishi

Lingzhi mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Lingzhi

Lion's mane mushroom (Hericium erinaceus)

bearded hedgehog mushroom, bearded tooth fungus, bearded tooth mushroom, monkey head mushroom, pom pom mushroom, satyr's beard

Lion's mane mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Lion's mane

Marsh lady's tresses (Spiranthes odorata)

fragrant ladies'-tresses


Maryland golden-aster (Chrysopsis mariana)


Mexican-tea (Dysphania ambrosioides)

epazote, herba sanctæ Mariæ, Jesuit's tea, mastruz, payqu, wormseed


Moccasin flower (Cypripedium acaule)

pink lady's slipper, stemless lady's-slipper


Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)

calico-bush, spoonwood

Mountain laurel, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Mountain laurel
Mountain laurel along trail, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Mountain laurel
along trail

Mullein (Verbascum)

velvet plant

Mullein, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Mullein
Mullein, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Mullein

Narrow-leaved sundrops (Oenothera fruticosa)

narrowleaf evening primrose


New York aster (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii)

purple aster

New York aster, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
New York aster

Northern bog violet (Viola nephrophylla)

kidney leaved violet, Leconte violet

Northern bog violet, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Northern bog violet

Northern white-cedar (Thuja occidentalis)

eastern arborvitae

White cedar seedling, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
White cedar seedling

Old man of the woods fungus (Strobilomyces strobilaceus)

Strobilomyces floccopus

Old man of the woods fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Old man of the woods
Old man of the woods fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Old man of the woods

Orange milkwort (Polygala lutea)

yellow milkwort


Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus)

Oyster mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Oyster mushroom

Partridge berry (Mitchella repens)

squaw vine


Persimmon (Diospyros)

persimon

Persimmon tree, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Persimmon tree
Persimmon, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Persimmon

Phellinus fungus (Phellinus)

Phellinus fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Phellinus

Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)

pickerel weed


Pignut hickory (Carya glabra)

broom hickory, coast pignut hickory, pignut, smoothbark hickory, swamp hickory, sweet pignut

Pignut hickory, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Pignut hickory

Pine (Pinus)

Pine trees via infrared, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge trail camera photo
Pine trees, infrared
Pine cone, photo by Mike McCormick
Pine cone
Mike McCormick

Pinesap (Monotropa hypopitys)

Dutchman's pipe, false beech-drops, yellow bird's-nest


Pipsissewa (Chimaphila umbellata)

prince's pine, umbellate wintergreen

Pipsissewa, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Pipsissewa

Poplar (Populus)


Puffball fungus

Puffball fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Puffball

Purplestem beggarticks (Bidens connata)

London bur-marigold, swamp beggarticks


Red maple (Acer rubrum)

soft maple, swamp maple, water maple


Reindeer lichen (Cladonia rangiferina)

Reindeer lichen, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Reindeer lichen
Reindeer lichen, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Reindeer lichen
Reindeer lichen, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Reindeer lichen

Rough boneset (Eupatorium pilosum)


Rough buttonweed (Diodella teres)

poorjoe


Rough-stemmed goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)

wrinkleleaf goldenrod


Rounded earthstar mushroom (Geastrum saccatum)

Rounded earthstar mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Rounded earthstar

Sassafras (Sassafras)


Scarlet honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens)

coral honeysuckle, trumpet honeysuckle

Scarlet honeysuckle, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Scarlet honeysuckle

Silver berry (Elaeagnus angustifolia)

oleaster, Persian olive, Russian olive, wild olive

Silver berry, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Silver berry
Silver berry, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Silver berry

Skunk cabbage (Lysichiton americanus)

swamp lantern


Slender aster (Eurybia compacta)

Slender aster main pond, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Slender aster

Slender-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia tenuifolia)


Sour gum (Nyssa sylvatica)

black gum, tupelo


Southern twayblade orchid (Neottia bifolia)

Southern twayblade orchid, photo by James Pullaro
Southern twayblade
James Pullaro

Spatulate leaved sundew (Drosera intermedia)

oblong-leaved sundew, spoonleaf sundew


Spindle-shaped yellow coral fungus (Clavulinopsis fusiformis)

golden spindles, spindle-shaped fairy club

Spindle-shaped yellow coral fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Spindle-shaped yellow coral
Dave Sauder

Spotted beebalm (Monarda punctata)

horsemint


Spotted wintergreen (Chimaphila maculata)

ratsbane, rheumatism root, spotted pipsissewa, striped prince's pine, striped wintergreen


Spruce (Picea)

Spruce, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Spruce
Spruce, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Spruce

St. Andrew's cross (Hypericum hypericoides)

St. Andrew's cross, photo by Sage Russell
St. Andrew's cross
Sage Russell

Steeplebush (Spiraea tomentosa)

hardhack, meadowsweet

Steeplebush, photo by Sage Russell
Steeplebush
Sage Russell

Striped bladderwort (Utricularia striata)

fibrous bladderwort, Utricularia fibrosa


Sulphur shelf fungus (Laetiporus sulphureus)

chicken-of-the-woods, crab-of-the-woods, sulphur polypore

Sulphur shelf fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Sulphur shelf
Sulphur shelf fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Sulphur shelf
Sulphur shelf fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Sulphur shelf

Swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)

clammy azalea, swamp honeysuckle


Swamp honeysuckle (Lonicera oblongifolia)

swamp-fly honeysuckle


Swamp loosestrife (Decodon verticillatus)

waterwillow

Swamp loosestrife, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Swamp loosestrife
Swamp loosestrife at Muddy Bog, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Swamp loosestrife
Muddy Bog

Swamp smartweed (Persicaria hydropiperoides)

false waterpepper


Sweet everlasting (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium)

Gnaphalium obtusifolium, old field balsam, rabbit tobacco


Sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua)

alligatorwood, American storax, bilsted, hazel pine, redgum, satin-walnut, star-leaved gum, sweetgum


Sweet violet (Viola odorata)

common violet, English violet, florist's violet, garden violet, wood violet


Sweet white violet (Viola blanda)


Sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana)

beaver tree, laurel magnolia, swamp magnolia, swampbay, sweetbay, whitebay

Sweetbay magnolia, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Sweetbay magnolia

Tall beaksedge (Rhynchospora macrostachya)

tall horned beaksedge

Tall beaksedge, photo by Sage Russell
Tall beaksedge
Sage Russell
Tall beaksedge main pond, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Tall beaksedge

Three-seeded mercury (Acalypha rhomboidea)

common three-seeded mercury, copperleaf, diamond threeseed mercury, rhombic copper-leaf, rhombic three-seeded-mercury, rhomboid mercury, ricinelle rhomboide


Tiger lily (Lilium lancifolium)


Toothed white-topped-aster (Sericocarpus asteroides)


Trailing arbutus (Epigaea repens)


Tufted knotweed (Polygonum cespitosum)

cespitose smartweed


Turkey tail fungus (Trametes versicolor)

Coriolus versicolor, Polyporus versicolor

Turkey tail fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Turkey tail
Turkey tail fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Turkey tail

Violet coral mushroom (Clavaria zollingeri)

magenta coral

Violet coral mushroom, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Violet coral

Virginia marsh-St. John's-wort (Triadenum virginicum)


Virginia meadow-beauty (Rhexia virginica)

handsome Harry


Virginia threeseed mercury (Acalypha virginica)

Virginia copperleaf


Virginia water horehound (Lycopus virginicus)

American water hoarhound, carpenter's herb, Egyptian's herb, green archangel, Paul's betony, purple archangel, sweet bugleweed, water bugle, wolf foot, woodbetony


Viscid violet cort (Cortinarius iodes)

spotted cort

Viscid violet cort, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Viscid violet cort
Viscid violet cort button, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Viscid violet cort
button
Viscid violet cort, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Viscid violet cort

Water purslane (Ludwigia palustris)

Hampshire-purslane, marsh seedbox


Water-shield (Brasenia schreberi)


White campion (Silene latifolia)

bladder campion

White campion, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
White campion

White clover (Trifolium repens)

Dutch clover, Ladino, Ladino clover


White coral slime mold (Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa)

Byssus fruticulosa, coral slime

White coral slime mold, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
White coral slime mold

White fringed orchid (Platanthera blephariglottis)

white-fringed orchis


White oak tree (Quercus alba)


White-pored chicken of the woods (Laetiporus cincinnatus)

White-pored chicken of the woods, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Chicken of the woods
White-pored chicken of the woods, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Chicken of the woods

White thoroughwort (Eupatorium album)

white boneset


Wild black cherry (Prunus serotina)

black cherry, mountain black cherry, rum cherry


Wild grape (Vitis)


Wild iris (Iris)


Wild lupine (Lupinus perennis)

blue lupine, Indian beet, old maid's bonnets, sundial lupine, wild perennial lupine


Wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

false sarsaparilla, rabbit root, shot bush, small spikenard, wild liquorice

Wild sarsaparilla, photo by Sage Russell
Wild sarsaparilla
Sage Russell
Wild sarsaparilla, photo by Sage Russell
Wild sarsaparilla
Sage Russell

Wild sensitive plant (Chamaecrista nictitans)

sensitive cassia, sensitive partridge pea, small partridge pea


Willow (Salix)

osiers, sallows


Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)


Wintergreen (Pyrola)


Wood ear fungus (Auricularia auricula-judae)

jelly ear, Jew's ear

Wood ear fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Wood ear
Wood ear fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Wood ear
Wood ear fungus, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge photo
Wood ear

Woolgrass (Scirpus cyperinus)

brown woolly sedge, cottongrass bulrush


Yellow fringed orchid (Platanthera ciliaris)

orange-fringed orchid, yellow-fringed orchid


Yellowseed false pimpernel (Lindernia dubia)

moist bank pimpernel, water pimpernel


Special thanks to Karl Anderson for providing lists of plants identified and compiled during visits to the Refuge by Philadelphia Botanical Club (2004) and Gloucester County Nature Club (2008).

We do not claim to be experts on all aspects of plants. If you are aware that we have made an error in identification or other information, let us know. Please provide any supporting information such as a Web link so that we can investigate. If the error can be substantiated, it will be corrected.