is a protected natural habitat comprising 767 acres of pristine pine lands, forest, fields and bogs. It provides a refuge to animals and plants indigenous to southern New Jersey; a place where wildlife can live freely and naturally without fear of being harmed at the hands of human beings. We began as the home of Hope Sawyer Buyukmihci and Cavit Buyukmihci, who dedicated their land to habitat preservation so that native wildlife and habitat could thrive. We are a not-for-profit 501(c)(3) entity, federal ID 23-7025010.
Unexpected Wildlife Refuge
Literature on Beavers
This is a list of a few publications that provide information on beavers, arranged alphabetically by first author. Listing a publication here does not mean that the Refuge necessarily endorses or agrees with anything mentioned. Be aware that much of the literature on beavers is by or from people who view the beaver as a resource or 'pest', with 'management' for human convenience or economic gain as a primary goal.
Albert, Steven and Trimble, Timothy. 2000. "
Beavers are partners in riparian restoration on the Zuni Indian reservation." Ecological Restoration 18(2): 87-92. accessed 2016-07-25
Anonymous. 2013. "
." Grand Canyon Trust, Flagstaff, AZ. Beaver: Best management practices accessed 2016-07-25
If the above link is no longer valid, you can
obtain a copy here.
Aschwanden, Christie. 2002. "
Leave the wetlands to beaver." National Wildlife Federation. accessed 2016-01-25
Brown, S.; Shafer, D. and Anderson, S. 2001. "
." WRAP Technical Notes Collection (ERDC TN-WRAP-01-01), U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS. Control of beaver flooding at restoration projects accessed 2016-01-25
Busher, Peter and R. Dzieciolowski (eds). 1999. "
." Plenum Publishers, New York. Beaver Protection, Management and Utilization in Europe and North America accessed 2016-01-25
Butler, David R. 1991. "
Beavers as agents of biogeomorphic change: A review and suggestions for teaching exercises." Journal of Geography 90(5): 210-217. accessed 2016-01-25
Butts, W.L. 1992. "
Changes in local mosquito fauna following beaver (Castor canadensis) activity--an update." Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 8(3): 331-332. accessed 2018-07-24
Buyukmihci, Hope Sawyer and Fantel, Hans. 1968. "
Unexpected Treasure." M. Evans and Company, Inc., New York; 190 pages.
Buyukmihci, Hope Sawyer. 1971. "
Hour of the Beaver." Rand McNally & Company, Chicago; 173 pages.
Clausen, G. and Ersland, A. 1970-1971. "
Blood O2 and acid-ase changes in the beaver during submersion." Respiration Physiology 11(1): 104-112. accessed 2016-01-25
Collins, Tom. 1993. "
The role of beaver in riparian habitat management." Bulletin 38, Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Cheyenne, Wyoming. accessed 2016-01-25
Doucet, Christine M. and Fryxell, John M. 1993. "
The effect of nutritional quality on forage preference by beavers. Oikos 67(2): 201-208." accessed 2016-01-25
Gaworecki, Mike. 2018. "
Audio: Beavers matter more than you think". Mongabay. accessed 2018-08-11
Goldfarb, Ben. 2018. "
Eager: The Surprising, Secret Life of Beavers and Why They Matter." White River Junction, Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing. accessed 2018-07-25
Grover, Anita M. 1993. "
." Thesis (M.S.), State University of New York. College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse. Influence of beaver on bird and mammal species richness within wetlands of different sizes in south-central New York accessed 2016-07-25
Haemig, Paul D. 2012. "
Ecology of the beaver." Ecology Online Sweden. accessed 2016-01-25
Halley, Duncan; Rosell, Frank and Saveljev, Alexander. 2012. "
Population and distribution of Eurasian beaver (." Castor fiber) Baltic Forestry 18(1): 168-175. accessed 2016-07-25
Hand, D. 1984. "
The beaver's tale: Out of the woods and into hot water." Smithsonian 15(8):162-171. accessed 2016-01-25
Hodgdon, Harry E. and Larson, Joseph S. 1973. "
Some sexual differences in behaviour within a colony of marked beavers (." Castor canadensis) Animal Behaviour 21(1): 147-152. accessed 2016-01-25
Hodgdon, Harry E. 1978. "
." Ph.D. Thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts. Social dynamics and behavior within an unexploited beaver (Castor canadensis) population accessed 2016-01-25
Kindschy, R.R. 1985. "
Response of red willow to beaver use in southeastern Oregon." Journal of Wildlife Management 49(1): 26-28. accessed 2016-01-25
Langlios, Susan; Decker, Thomas and Henner, Chrissie. 2004. "
." Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife. The use of water flow devices in addressing flooding problems caused by beaver in Massachusetts accessed 2016-01-25
Lazar, Julia G.; Addy, Kelly; Gold, Arthur J.; Groffman, Peter M.; McKinney, Richard A. and Kellogg, Dorothy Q.. 2015. "
Beaver ponds: Resurgent nitrogen sinks for rural watersheds in the northeastern United States." Journal of Environmental Quality 44(5): 1684-1693. accessed 2016-01-25
Ecosystem services may include the abatement of dryland streams (Gibson and Olden, 2014), promotion of waterbird communities (Nummi and Holopainen, 2014), increase in salmon production (Pollock et al., 2004), and the removal of reactive N from the watershed as discussed herein.
Long, Kim. 2000. "
." Johnson Books, Boulder, Colorado; 182 pages. Beavers: A Wildlife Handbook accessed 2016-01-25
Macdonald, D.W.; Tattersall, F.H.; Brown, E.D. and Balharry, D. 1995. "
Reintroducing the European beaver to Britain: Nostalgic meddling or restoring biodiversity?" Mammal Review. 25(4): 161-200. accessed 2016-01-25
MacDonald, James. 2018.
"The busy, beneficial beaver." JSTOR Daily accessed 2018-07-18
McCall, Thomas C.; Hodgman, Thomas P.; Diefenbach, Duane R. and Owen, Ray B. 1996. "
Beaver populations and their relation to wetland habitat and breeding waterfowl in Maine." Wetlands 16(2): 163-172. accessed 2016-01-25
McKinstry, Mark C.; Caffrey, Paul and Anderson, Stanley H. 2001. "
The importance of beaver to wetland habitats and waterfowl in Wyoming." Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 37(6): 1571-1577. accessed 2016-01-25
McKinstry, Mark C. and Anderson, Stanley H. 2002. "
Survival, fates, and success of transplanted beavers, ." Castor canadensis, in Wyoming The Canadian Field-Naturalist 116:60-68. accessed 2016-01-25
Mills, Enos A. 1990. "
." University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska; 255 pages. In Beaver World accessed 2016-01-25
Montclair State University: Beaver Ecology course accessed 2016-01-25
Morgan, Rosalind Grace. 1991. "
." Ph.D. Thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Beaver ecology/beaver mythology accessed 2016-01-25
Muller-Schwarze, Dietland. 2011. "
." Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York; 228 pages. The Beaver: Its Life and Impact, Second Edition accessed 2016-01-25
Naiman, Robert, J.; Johnston, Carol A. and Kelly, James C. 1988. "
Alteration of North American streams by beaver." BioScience 38(11): 753-762. accessed 2016-01-25
O'Connor, Joe. 2018. "
'We have caught (them) in the act': Beavers are invading Alaska, the final frontier." National Post accessed 2018-07-18
Petro, Vanessa M. 2013. "
." Evaluating "nuisance" beaver relocation as a tool to increase coho salmon habitat in the Alsea Basin of the central Oregon Coast Range accessed 2018-07-18
Puttock, Alan; Graham, Hugh A.; Carless, Donna and Brazier, Richard E. 2018. "
Sediment and nutrient storage in a beaver engineered wetland."" Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. accessed 2018-05-16
Whilst further research is required into the long term storage and nutrient cycling within beaver ponds, results indicate that beaver ponds may help to mitigate the negative offsite impacts of accelerated soil erosion and diffuse pollution from agriculturally dominated landscapes such as the intensively managed grassland in this study.
Richards, Dorothy and Buyukmihci, Hope Sawyer. 1977.
Beaversprite: My Years Building an Animal Sanctuary." Chronicle Books, San Francisco, California; 191 pages.
Ryden, Hope. 1990. "
." HarperCollins Publishers, New York; 256 pages. Lily Pond: Four Years with a Family of Beavers accessed 2016-01-25
Taylor, Jimmy D., David L. Bergman, and Dale L. Nolte. 2009. "
." Proceedings of the 13th WDM Conference:225-234. An overview of the International Beaver Ecology and Management Workshop accessed 2016-01-25
Tournay, Audrey. 2003. "
." Boston Mills Press, Ontario, Canada; 168 pages. Beaver Tales accessed 2018-08-16
Turrentine, Jeff. 2018. "
Beavers are the working-class heroes of their ecosystems -- America should appreciate them more." Natural Resources Defense Council. accessed 2018-07-25
Wright, Justin P.; Jones, Clive G. and Flecker, Alexander S. 2002. "
An ecosystem engineer, the beaver, increases species richness at the landscape scale." Oecologia 132: 96-101. accessed 2016-01-25
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